[Geography - Waywardens]


A 'Statute for the Mending of Highways' in 1555 required each parish to appoint two persons to act as 'Surveyors of Highways'. In Fovant these persons were known as Waywardens and they would be served with a warrant by the Parish Constable confirming their appointment for the ensuing year. Acceptance of this duty was compulsory. The following extracts from the Fovant Waywardens' Accounts give some idea of the tasks that they undertook

Year Amount Entry Comment
  3s. 0d. For this book
1783 6s. 0d. For picking 12 load of stone
  10s. 0d. For cleaning the river The rivers were often mentioned
  1. 13s. 3½d. To 2 Way Rates that the Rev Eyre refused to pay. A surprising entry
1785 1s. 0d. For repairing West's Bridge
1787 3s. 0d. William Day for 3 days' work
  1s. 0d. T. Nightingale also for work at Turnbridge
1789 5s. 0d. John Jay's bill for putting up Bright's Bridge
  1s. 0d. For mending the bridge by Goodfellow It appears from this last entry that John Jay's work was not very lasting.
1793 1s. 0d. Repairing Catherine's Ford bridge and making 2 steps to Thos. Jay's house in the Moor
1795 5d. Opening the watercourse
  1s. 0d. Pd. to John Jay for doing ye bridge at Limeway (Limbway?)
1803 3. 16s. 4d. Turnpike money The length of the Turnpike road was recorded as 1 mile 5 furlongs 5 chains 2 yards
  2. 10s. 0d. Composition
  20. 0s. 0d. For putting up the Catherine Ford bridge. Mr Barnes
1806 For work on roads @ 6s.0d. per week  
  7. 13s. 4d. Agreement with the commissioners for repairing of the turnpike road for 7 years @ 10 per mile each year. Composition for the turnpike of Fovant fixed for the year.
1812 32. 18s. 6d. Recd. of Mr South 2 years turnpike money
  15. 6s. 8d. Less 2 years composition
  17. 11s. 10d.
1815 18. 15s. 10d. Recd. of Mr South 1 year Turnpike money    
  Also agreed with Mr South for 3 years for the turnpike @ £12 per mile to sink the composition. S Bracher  
  1s. 9d. C. Goodfellow for cutting half a hundred furze
  19. 15s. 1d. Recd. of Mr South, The Glove, Donhead, for I year's repairing of turnpike The Glove was the headquarters of the Trustees
1817 19. 15s. 1d. Recd. of Mr South for 1 year's repairing of turnpike
  Labour. Women @ 6d. per day Clearly both sexes were involved in turnpike maintenance
  Men @ 1s.0d. per day  
  3s. 6d. Pd. Mr Stevens for beer at the drain near the field It was also thirsty work!
  Mr South, The Glove, Donehead to supervise from Barford to White Sheet Hill.  
1818 19. 15s. 1d. Recd of Mr South at the Glove, Donehead, Turnpike money
  4s. 0d. Expenses to Sarum
  7s. 0d. To cleaning the river below Catherine's Ford
1782 1s. 6d. For mending the wheelbarrow Inevitably, tools were often replaced
1805 4s. 8d. For a spade
1808 2s. 6d. For a shovel
1816 5s. 0d. For a shovel
1819 1. 3s. 6d. 2 pickaxes and 3 shovels


Content last updated
6 December 2005

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